The value in daily practice of high sensitive troponin T for myocardial infarction diagnosis

Background. High-sensitive troponin T (hs-TnT) is a useful biomarker in the assessment of chest pain. However, it could be frequently elevated in patients without acute coronary syndrome. We sought to evaluate the usefulness of different strategies using hs-TnT for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Material and method. Retrospective study including 99 consecutive patients with suspected AMI admitted to the coronary care unit with at least one determination of hs-TnT within 4-6 hours of onset of pain or admission. The final diagnosis of AMI was made by two medical experts who analyzed the clinical, laboratory and imaging.
Results. The mean age was 64 years and 75% were male. According to the final diagnosis were classified as AMI 58%. The basal hs-TnT showed an area under the ROC curve of 0.86 and the cut-off of 30 ng/L had a sensitivity of 86% and specificity of 71% for diagnosis of AMI, whereas the value >14 ng/L had a sensitivity and specificity of 93 and 34%, respectively. The areas under the curve for the absolute and percentage changes of hs-TnT (basal and second determination) were 0.69 and 0.68, identifying cut-offs of 10 ng/L and 15%, respectively (sensitivity 60 and 63%, specificity of 74 and 74%).
Conclusions. Early measurement hs-TnT>14ng/L shows the best sensitivity for the diagnosis of AMI, while a value >30ng/L was more specific. Repeated measurements of biomarker showed less useful.

Keywords: High-sensitive troponin T ; Diagnosis ; Acute myocardial infarction