Current status of aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries

Aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries (APA) are rare vascular anomaly is difficult to diagnose because of its low prevalence and its clinical absent or nonspecific, which often makes their discovery is casual during an imaging or autopsy. Up to 50% of such aneurysms are associated with congenital heart disease, while others are related to various diseases, and in many of the cases are also detected pulmonary hypertension, however, are exceptionally idiopathic. Among some possible complications can be fatal, especially rupture, which usually presents with severe hemoptysis and even sudden death. Imaging tests such as echocardiography and computerized mainly tomography and magnetic resonance imaging allow diagnosis in most cases. Currently, the management of APA is controversial so that, based on the best scientific evidence available and the lack of clear recommendations must be individualized in each case.

Keywords:Aneurysm of the pulmonary artery ; Pulmonary artery ; Pulmonary hypertension ; Pulmonary valve ; Echocardiography